Nativism, Islamophobism and Islamism in the Age of Populism: Culturalization and Religionization of What is Social, Economic and Political in Europe
(This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme grant agreement no. 785934.)
Young people between the ages of 18 to 30, whether native or immigrant-origin, have similar responses to globalization-rooted threats such as deindustrialization, isolation, denial, humiliation, precariousness, insecurity, and anomia. These responses tend to be essentialized in the face of current socio-economic, political, and psychological disadvantages. While a number of indigenous young groups are shifting to right-wing populism, a number of Muslim youths are shifting towards Islamic radicalism. The common denominator of these groups is that they are both downwardly mobile and inclined towards radicalization. Hence, this project aims to scrutinize social, economic, political, and psychological sources of the processes of radicalization among native European youth and Muslim-origin youth with migration background, who are both inclined to express their discontent through ethnicity, culture, religion, heritage, homogeneity, authenticity, past, gender and patriarchy. In exploring the socio-economic, political, and psychological aspects of radicalization among the European youth, our main question is: How and why do some European citizens generate a populist and Islamophobist discourse to express their discontent with the current social, economic and political state of their national and European contexts, while some members of migrant-origin communities with Muslim background generate an essentialist and radical form of Islamist discourse within the same societies?
How Do Mothers Recollect Past Experiences Regarding Disciplining Their Children and Reflect to Future?
(This project received funding, which was established through a one-time award from the Bernard van Leer Foundation to commemorate the life and work of Selim Iltus)
This research program is influenced by the necessity to examine parental inconsistency, ambivalence, uncertainty and anxiety around discipline. Funded by Bernard van Leer Foundation, I chose to study parents’ narratives about disciplining their children, who are 7-10-year-old, to study the pivotal experiences and complications that arise for mothers in their experiences related to disciplining their children. The end goal of this research is to make practical and relevant recommendations about how discipline should be covered in parenting programs that are currently the most prevalent response to violence against children.